Everything Has Been Disclosed. The Source Has Been Destroyed, But The Attacks Continue, and Tensions Rise

The recent cyber attacks on Danish hospitals and airports have raised concerns about the security of critical infrastructure and the source of these attacks. While some are questioning whether the attacks are the work of a hacker group or fake news, the Swedish Security Services have warned about the increasing threats to Sweden’s security, focusing on disinformation campaigns from Russia. According to Säpo, the long-term threat from China is also growing, while Iran remains a tangible security threat.
Cuba to Sudan, Treat to Sweden's Security  motivated by Anonymous Sudan

Amid rising tensions, questions are being raised about who is behind these attacks and their agenda. Some suggest that fake news may fuel the story and divert attention from other issues. But regardless of the source of the attacks, it is clear that cybersecurity threats are a growing concern for governments, businesses, and individuals alike. As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, the potential for cyber attacks to disrupt critical infrastructure, steal sensitive data, and sow chaos and confusion is only growing.

Against this backdrop, it is more important than ever to take cybersecurity seriously and to develop effective strategies for preventing, detecting, and responding to cyber threats. This requires technical expertise and an understanding of the human factors that drive cybercrime and the geopolitical context in which it operates. As Brett Johnson, former US Most Wanted Cybercriminal, has argued, understanding the criminal mindset and using deception as a tool can be critical in combating cybercrime. Only by staying one step ahead of the attackers can we hope to stay safe in an increasingly interconnected world.

Danish Hospitals Under Cyber Attack

Late on February 26, a hacking group named Anonymous Sudan launched DDoS attacks on nine Region H hospitals in Denmark, causing their websites to go offline for several hours. The group emerged a month ago and is believed to be politically motivated and based in Russia.

They warned of further attacks against Denmark’s healthcare infrastructure in retaliation for an alleged far-right activist’s burning of a Koran in front of the embassy of Turkey in Stockholm. However, the attack had limited impact, and the impacted sites were back to their regular operation after a few hours of downtime.

Anonymous Sudan is unrelated to a group of the same name that launched attacks in 2019. This latest attack is part of a growing trend of nation-backed cyberattacks against countries with NATO ties. Russia-backed threat groups have been targeting NATO members’ critical infrastructure with coordinated DDoS attacks since the start of the year.

Anonymous Sudan has recently joined the Russian Killnet collective and has targeted the U.S. health sector, but unlike other hacktivist groups, they do not use illegal botnets for their attacks. Instead, they use a paid cluster of servers hosted in Germany.

Threats to Sweden’s Security Are Increasing

The Growing Threat of Cyberattacks in Sweden: CUBA to Sudan and Anonymous Sudan

Sweden is facing increasing security threats, mainly from Russia, as per the latest report from the Swedish Security Services (Säpo) released last month. The report states that Russia, China, and Iran are posing a severe threat to Sweden’s security, including cyber attacks and disinformation campaigns.

Charlotte von Essen, the head of the Security Service, mentioned that “Sweden’s security is being challenged from several directions.” The threat to Sweden is becoming more complex as several authoritarian countries interact to a greater extent than before, the security agency states.

In particular, the report singles out Russia as the greatest threat, partly because President Vladimir Putin’s regime is inclined to take significant risks. According to Säpo, Russia conducts extensive intelligence activities against Sweden, viewing it as part of Europe, NATO, and the collective West. This perception means that Sweden must prepare itself for an increase in the number of security-threatening activities from Russia.

China is also considered a long-term and growing threat by Säpo, while Iran is described as a tangible security threat. In recent months, Sweden has faced an increased threat of attacks fueled, in particular, by the Quran-burning incident near the Turkish embassy in Stockholm last month. As a result, the terror threat level in Sweden remains elevated, at level three on a five-point scale.

Säpo also highlighted the persistent threat of attacks from violent Islamist extremism and violent right-wing extremism. Conspiracy theories and anti-state messages widely spread online contribute to the growing extremism, posing a broader threat to Sweden’s constitution. According to von Essen, “this development means that the agendas of foreign powers and violent extremists often coincide.”

Despite the increasing threats, Säpo noted that Sweden is lacking in protecting security-sensitive activities across sectors, which could lead to the disclosure of information about the country’s defence capabilities.

Cyber Threats Rise in Nordics in Response to NATO Applications

Sweden and Finland have increased their alert levels for cyberattacks due to concerns about increased hacking risks resulting from the ongoing war in Ukraine and the two countries’ subsequent applications to join NATO.

Although cybersecurity officials in both countries have not seen an increase in attacks targeting critical infrastructure since Russia invaded Ukraine in February last year, they say both countries are becoming more attractive targets for hacking groups with Russian connections.

Hackers with links to Russia may try to sway the process by defacing Swedish websites and spreading disinformation online. The possibility of long-term espionage campaigns after the countries become NATO members and cyberattacks in retaliation for joining are also concerns.

As a result, the Swedish and Finnish governments have raised alert levels and warned about cyber threats targeting domestic companies and infrastructure. Cybersecurity agencies receive more notifications and requests for information from concerned individuals and companies. Officials attribute the increase to growing awareness and public concern about cyber threats.

Nick Roddick

Head of Production

Elpidoforos Arapantonis

Senior IT security manager at Volvo

Elpidoforos Arapantonis aka Elpis is Chief Product Security Officer at ecarx in Gothenburg, Sweden. He has academic background in electronics with M.Sc. degrees in distributed systems, as well as in information security. He has long experience working in projects around Autonomous Driving, and Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems in OEMs, from the cybersecurity point of view. His current focus is cybersecurity on infotainment systems as well as vehicles’ off board systems.

Anders Jared

CISO at Bravida

With decades in the area of security I now lead the IT and information security work within Systembolaget AB. This proactive engagement together with my background of analyzing security breaches in criminal investigations renders me a unique understanding of both threats and prevention possibilities in our digitalized world.

Anthony Herrin

Nordic Head of Cyber Underwriting at RiskPoint Group

Anthony has 15 years of experience in the insurance industry with roles within both broking and underwriting. He has focused on cyber risk and insurance since 2015 and is CISM certified. Whilst predominantly on the broking side at Aon, JLT and Marsh over the last few years, he has recently moved to an underwriting role at Riskpoint and will lead their team of Nordic Underwriters.

Bernard Helou

Head of IT Governance at Lendo Group

Bernard has 15 years experience in information security. He has been working as a
cybersecurity consultant to CAC40 companies in Paris for 9 years before taking internal roles as information security manager. From security awareness to data protection strategy or
contingency plans, he has a good overview of security best practices.

Moa Mörner


Moa Mörner is an experienced Data Protection Officer with a demonstrated history of working with questions concerning processing on a large scale of special categories of personal data, both for Controllers and Processors. She is skilled in data protection law, advising on strategic level as well as operative, assessments and recommendations, educating, and managing incidents of personal data breaches. Moa is strong advocate for making data protection and information security working together, when the perspective of the individual (data protection) and the perspective of the organization (information security) allows it.

Today Moa is Group DPO at SJ AB.

Jacqueline Jönsson

CISO at Danish Energy Grid

During my 20+ years in the security sector I have a good feeling about what works in practice and gives results and what doesn’t. The part that engages me most is integration of technical security with legal and financial aspects as well as people’s behavior.

Core skill is CISO work and guiding board members and executives about cybersecurity, operational resilience and business assurance.

Also advice on regulations, directives and practices for the financial services and energy sector.

Jonas Rendahl

CISO at Aurobay

My name is Jonas Rendahl and I work as CISO at Aurobay (Powertrain Engineering Sweden AB). I live south of Gothenburg with my wife and daughter.

I started my interest in computers and security at an early age. I have worked within IT since early 2000 but I have worked within many different industries and areas before that. Within IT I have worked with things like development, support, testing, management, audits, disaster and recovery, architecture, operational security and almost all aspects of security you can think of.

I have a keen interest in security and love the fact that it is such a dynamic and ever-evolving industry. From all of my experiences I have learnt that nothing is static and that all experiences are something to learn from.

I am a rather pragmatic person in such respect that I try to listen the organization’s needs and weigh that against potential risks and possible and plausible security measures. I am a firm believer in simplicity over complexity and in setting up the foundation for fruitful conversations by first defining the boundaries and basic concepts to ensure everyone understand each other.

Klas Themner

CISO/Deputy CEO at AMRA Medica

Klas Themner has, as AMRA’s Chief Information Security Officer, overall responsibility for the management of the company’s information security. Klas has been at AMRA since 2017, mostly in the role of COO, also keeping the role of deputy CEO. Before joining AMRA Medical he had 20+ years of experience as COO & CFO in a number of different listed medical device companies within advanced medical image processing and across all imaging modalities. Previously to Life Science, Klas spent 10 years with the Swedish defense industry. He has an engineering background and holds a PhD in Nuclear Physics from Lund University.

Lorena Carthy-Wilmot

Senior advisor in Digital Policing (DPA) at Lillestrøm police station

Former Head of the Forensic Technology Services Lab at PwC in Oslo. Now Senior Advisor in the field of Digital Forensics at the Norwegian Police, East District.


Future leader of cybersecurity sector at Einride

I'm a Senior Security Advisor within the IT/Telco domain with more than 25+ years in the industry.

Thea Sogenbits

CISO at Estonian Tax and Customs Board

Thea maintains tax secrecy of everyone in Estonia. As CISO of the Estonian Tax and Customs
Board she leads the security vision and information security management programme as well as the certified information security organization within the ETCB.

Her academic research focuses on the value chains and business models of professional
organized cross-border transnational cybercrime.

She trains and mentors military, public and private executives on hybrid defense and integration of next level defenses to organizational daily policies, practices and culture.

Thomas Evertsson

Head of IT security at DNB Bank

If you are looking for an efficient, Get the Job Done IT Manager with high ambitions then you've found the right person. I am inspired by a fast pace and successfully driving change, both organizational and technical. I see myself as a realistic optimist who is happy to share ideas and knowledge with others. Experience has taught me to be honest, cohesive and consistent, factors I see as important to success.

Tomi Dahlberg

Senior Advisor Cyber Security at State Treasury of Finland

My executive work, IT management and governance centric career started in 1976. I'm still passionate about these topics as they evolve all the time. Since 1984 I've worked in managerial and since 1988 in executive positions in business, academy and consulting (ABC). Business executive is my main career path.

I have worked in business executive positions in software (e.g. Unic), finance (e.g. Danske Bank), telecom operator (e.g. Elisa), nanotechnology, executive consultancy, and IT services. I have written 70+ publications both academic and practical as a part-time professor in business schools since the year 2000 . My research motive is to understand in depth issues that I conduct in business.

Executive work expertise areas: Corporate governance and board work, change management and leadership, strategy work & management, business models, business development, innovation management, finance.

IT executive expertise areas: governance and management of IT, OT, digital business and platform business, CIO/CDO work, IT service management, data management, business and IS development methods.

Benjamin Bauchmann

CISO at Ströer SE & Co. KGa

Speaking session - March 16th, 2023

Visibility is crucial: E-criminals will find your internet-facing assets you do not know much about

You can only protect the assets you know of, so it’s important to have a high visibility on all your internet-facing assets. Even more in times like these in which states/hackers/the bad guys try to cause havoc. They do not need to target you specifically, but they will find your assets, you do not know about.
Biography: If he had been in Troy then, the city would still be standing today. When it comes to security, most people rely on offerings to the IT gods. Not so Benjamin Bachmann, because he sees cyber security as a holistic issue that must consider and address the triad of people, organization and technology in equal measure. In other words, they form the foundation of a sustainable and livable security culture. An industrial engineer by training, he felt called to promulgate these early on on behalf of various consulting firms. Today, as Vice President Group Information Security at Ströer, he is responsible for the strategic security of the entire Group and develops implementable, useable and human-centered security concepts for the subsidiaries. Privately, he has been battling with his friends for years to see who can bake the best wholemeal sourdough bread, is on a sustainable journey and shows that cyber security is not dry-as-dust topic.

Tobias Ander

CISO at Örebro kommun

Speaking session - March 16th, 2023

Raising a cybersecurity culture! - Why is it so important?

Tobias will be delivering an insightful talk on how to comprehend the security implications of a futuristic security strategy. This talk will focus on the importance of incorporating the security function into crucial decisions, and will provide an overview of what such a strategy would look like. He will examine the emerging technologies in the field of security, and explore how they will influence the security strategies of tomorrow.
Biography: Tobias Ander got more than 20 years of experience in information security. Today he is CISO at Örebro Kommun, runs his own company Securebyme and recently released the book Informationssäkerhetskultur (Information security culture) in swedish. Tobias was awarded “This year’s GRC-profile” in 2017 for his commitment in Governance Risk and Compliance.

Ståle Risem-Johansen

CISO at Spare Bank

Experienced senior manager with 20+ within Energy sector as CIO and CISO. Chairman of the Board of Nationwide Security forum in Norway (Energy Sector) for 7 years. Confident with working with regulator and The Office of the Auditor General Strong relationship-builder always aiming to Learn more. If security is done the proper way it will become a business enabler. Currently hold the position as CISO in SpareBank 1 SMN – a part of SpareBank 1 alliance.

Raviv Raz

Cyber & AI Innovation at Ing

Speaking session - March 16th, 2023

How will AI impact CyberSecurity in near future

  • AI is gradually taking a prominent part in Cybersecurity
  • Recent developments in offensive AI pose, in a close future, threat to  conventional security measures, arming malicious hackers with a powerful  technology previously unavailable to the masses
  • Innovative Advancements on both sides of the force
  • Is AI going to help to save the security staffing shortage or lead to a dark future

Raviv has pioneered and disrupted several domains in Cybersecurity including:

  • Network Access Control
  • Web Behaviour Analytics
  • Programming Language Processing

As part of his R&D work in ING he co-founded the CodeFix and PurpleAI innovation initiatives: reducing false-positive alerts in application security testing and using AI in offensive security testing.
Specialising in Application Security, Raviv has blogged, lectured, appeared in the news and released open-source tools used by tens of thousands of hackers.

Including R.U.D.Y that appeared on the TV show Mr. Robot